Thursday, 29 January 2015

FSMO roles

Forest level roles

Schema Master: The schema master domain controller controls all updates and modifications to the schema. To update the schema of a forest, you must have access to the schema master. There can be only one schema master in the whole forest.

Domain naming master: The domain naming master domain controller controls the addition or removal of domains in the forest. There can be only one domain naming master in the whole forest.

Domain level roles

Infrastructure Master: The infrastructure is responsible for updating references from objects in its domain to objects in other domains. At any one time, there can be only one domain controller acting as the infrastructure master in each domain.

Relative ID (RID) Master: The RID master is responsible for processing RID pool requests from all domain controllers in a particular domain. At any one time, there can be only one domain controller acting as the RID master in the domain.

PDC Emulator: The PDC emulator is a domain controller that advertises itself as the primary domain controller (PDC) to workstations, member servers, and domain controllers that are running earlier versions of Windows. For example, if the domain contains computers that are not running Microsoft Windows XP Professional or Microsoft Windows 2000 client software, or if it contains Microsoft Windows NT backup domain controllers, the PDC emulator master acts as a Windows NT PDC. It is also the Domain Master Browser, and it handles password discrepancies. At any one time, there can be only one domain controller acting as the PDC emulator master in each domain in the forest

What is DNS

DNS

DNS Stands for Domain Naming System

What is Active directory

Active Directory is a technology created by Microsoft that provides a variety of network services,
including:
Kerberos-based authentication Lightweight Directory Access Protocol Uses LDAP as its directory service.

DNS-based naming and other network information

Central location for network administration and delegation of authority

Information security and single sign-on for user access to networked based resources

The ability to scale up or down easily

Central storage location for application data

Synchronization of directory updates amongst several servers